Sunday, December 29, 2019
Here is a seemingly easy question: Should a policy of English only be put into place in the English learning classroom? Your gut answer may be yes, English only is the only way students will learn English! However, there may be some exceptions to thisÃ rule. To begin with, lets look at some of the arguments made forÃ an English only policy in the classroom: Students will learn to speak EnglishÃ by speaking English.Allowing students to speak other languages distract them from the task of learning English.Students who dont speak onlyÃ English are also not thinking in English. Speaking only in English helps students begin speaking English internally.Ã The only way to become fluent in a language is by being immersed in the language.An EnglishÃ onlyÃ policy in class requires them to negotiate the learning process in English.Students speaking another language distract other English learners.English only is part of effective classroom managementÃ that fosters learning and respect. These are all valid arguments for an English only policy in the ESL / EFL classroom. However, there are certainly arguments to be made for allowing students to communicate in other languages, especially if they are beginners. Here are some of the better points made in support of allowing other languages to constructively be used in the classroom: Providing or allowing for explanations of grammar concepts in learners L1 (first language) speeds up the learning process.Communicating in another language during class allows students to fill in the gaps, especially if the class is large.Allowing some communication in learners L1 establishes a more relaxed atmosphere that is conducive to learning.Translating difficultÃ vocabulary items is much easier and less time consuming when other languages are allowed.Committing to an English only policy in class might seem as if the English teacher has, at times, been turned into a traffic cop.Students are limited in learning complex concepts through a lack of English vocabulary related to the grammar ofÃ English. These points are also equally valid reasons to perhaps allow some communication in learners L1. The truth is, its a thorny issue! Even those that subscribe to an English only policy accept some exceptions. Pragmatically, there are some instances in which a few words of explanation in another language can do a world of good. Exception 1: If, After Numerous Attempts... If, after numerous attempts to explain a concept in English, students still do not understand a given concept, it helps to give a short explanation in students L1. Here are some suggestions on these short interruptions to explain. If you can speak students L1, explain the concept. Mistakes made in students L1 can actually help build rapport.Ã If you cant speak students L1, ask a student who clearly understands the concept. Make sure to vary students who explain so as to not create aÃ teachers pet.Ã If you can understand students L1, ask students to explain the concept to you in their own language. This helps to check their understanding and show students that you are also a language learner.Ã Exception 2: Test Directions If you teach in a situation that requires students to take comprehensive tests in English, make sure students understand the directions exactly. Unfortunately, students often do poorly on a test due to their lack of understanding about the assessments directions rather than linguistic abilities. In this case, its a good idea to go over the directions in students L1. Here are some suggestions on activities you can use to make sure students understand. Have students translate the directions into their L1. Group students together and have them discuss differences in translation and understanding.Copy directions onto separate strips of paper and distribute to the class. Each student is responsible for translating one strip. Ask students to read the English passage first and then the translation. Discuss as a class or in groups whether the translation is correct or incorrect.Provide example questions for directions. First, read the directions in English, then read them in students L1. Have students complete practice questions to check their understanding. Clear Explanations in Learners L1 Helps Allowing more advanced learners toÃ help other learners in their own language really moves the class along. Its purely a pragmatic question in this case. Sometimes it isÃ more valuable for the class to take a five-minute break from English only rather than spend fifteen minutes repeating concepts that students cantÃ understand. Some students English language skills may not allow them to understand complicated structural, grammar or vocabulary issues. In a perfect world, the teacher could explain any grammar concept clearly enough that each student can understand. However, especially in the case of beginners, students really need help from their own language. Playing Cop It is unlikely any teacher really enjoys disciplining the class. When a teacher paysÃ attention to another student, it is almost impossible to make sure that others are not speaking in a language other than English. Admittedly, students speaking in other languages can disturb others. It is important for a teacher to step in and discourage conversations in other languages. However, disrupting a good conversation in English in order to tell others to speakÃ English onlyÃ can disrupt a good flow during the lesson. Perhaps the best policy is English onlyÃ¢â¬âbut with a few caveats. Strictly insisting that no student speak a word of another language is a daunting task. Creating anÃ English onlyÃ atmosphere in class should be an important goal, but not the end of a friendly English learning environment.
Saturday, December 21, 2019
nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Capital Punishment He is escorted down to a room with handcuffs on both arms and feet. The tension in the room causes nervousness and a stirring in his stomach, which entombs his dinner from the night before. He is told to take a seat. Still in doubt of his fate he notices the witnesses and their various expressions. His family is grief-stricken, a sharp contrast to the family of the brutally murdered, for which he was found guilty of. If only they knew what he knew; for they would not be strapping him into the chair, soaking a sponge, and placing it on top of his head along with the metal skullcap. If they knew the truth there would be someone in his place today. But alas, theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, in the long run at $34,200/yr for the average cell, for 50 years, (TIME Magazine 2/7/94) along with a 2% annual cost increase, and an additional $75,000 for trial and appeals the cost of sentencing life without parole comes out to approximately $3million. Where as a maximum security cell ru ns $60,000/yr, needed for say 6 years (on death row), a 2% annual cost increase, plus $1.5 million for the trial and appeals, still come out under $2million. With higher annual cost increases a LWOP case can cost up to $3million more than a death penalty case. So although the initial capital punishment trial may cost more, in the long run it is a cheaper alternative. (Pro Death Penalty) A study performed by Isaac Ehrlich, published in 1976, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦eight murders are deterred for each execution that is carried out in the U.S.A. If one execution of a guilty capital murderer deters the murder of one innocent life, the execution is justified.Ã¢â¬ Ehrlich and other supporters feel saving one life is worth the execution of the guilty, andShow MoreRelated Capital Punishment1099 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Capital Punishment Murder, a common occurrence in American society, is thought of as a horrible, reprehensible atrocity. Why then, is it thought of differently when the state government arranges and executes a human being, the very definition of premeditated murder? Capital punishment has been reviewed and studied for many years, exposing several inequities and weaknesses, showing the need for the death penalty to be abolished. Upon examination, one finds capital punishment to be economically weakRead MoreCapital Punishment1137 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescorresponding punishments. Among all penalties, capital punishment is considered to be the most severe and cruelest one which takes away criminalÃ¢â¬â¢s most valuable right in the world, that is, right to live. It is a heated debate for centuries whether capital punishment should be completely abolished world widely. The world seems to have mixed opinion regarding this issue. According to Amnesty International (2010), currently, 97 countries in the world have already abolished capital punishment while onlyRead MoreCapital Punishment1786 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCapital Punishment Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is the toughest form of punishment enforced today in the United States. According to the online Webster dictionary, capital punishment is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a punishment for a serious crime, often called a capital offence or a capital crimeÃ¢â¬ (1). In those jurisdictions that practice capital punishment, its use is usually restricted to a small number of criminal offences, principallyRead More Capital Punishment1898 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCapital Punishment Imagine your heart suddenly beginning to race as you hear a judge give you a death sentence and then youÃ¢â¬â¢re quickly carried away in chains as your family sobs as they realize that they will no longer be able to see you. As you sit in your cell you begin to look back at your life and try to see where you went wrong to end up in jail waiting to carry out a death sentence, and at the same time know that you are an innocent waiting to be heard. This same scenario repeatsRead MoreCapital Punishment1276 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbroken to get the death penalty, increased murder rates and wrongful accusations. There are many different views of the death penalty. Many different religions have their own views of the death penalty. In Hinduism, if the king does not inflict punishment on those worthy to be punished the stronger would roast the weaker like fish on a spit. In the religion of Jainism, mostly all of their followers are abolitionists of the death penalty which means that they oppose of it. Infact, this religionRead More Capital Punishment Essay: Retain Capital Punishment?696 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesCapital Punishment - Retain or Not? Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã This essay tangles with the question of whether or not we should retain the death penalty within the American code of penal law. Ã There is a feeling of frustration and horror that we experience at the senseless and brutal crimes that too frequently disrupt the harmony of society. There is pain which accompanies the heartfelt sympathy that we extend to the victims families who, in their time of suffering, are in need of the support and compassionRead MoreCapital Punishment2506 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesCapital Punishment and the Death Penalty Capital punishment exist in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society as citizens of the United States should we have the right to take an individual life. As illustrated throughout numerous of studies the death penalty is an unfair process seven out of ten deaths handed down by the state courts from 1973 to 1995 were overturned when appeal and the seven percent were later found to be innocent. Such as the Dobie Williams case which took place July 8, 1984. DobieRead MoreCapital Punishment Is A Legal Punishment1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswhat the big deal about Capital Punishment is? According to free dictionary, Capital Punishment is to put to death as a legal punishment (Farlax). Capital Punishment is used worldwide, and is guaranteed to prevent future crime. Capital Punishment is a large controversy in the U.S. but before a personal opinion can be formed, some facts need to be known, such as what it is, where it is used and why it could be good or bad. Well, what is Capital Punishment? Capital Punishment is where a person is executedRead MoreCapital Punishment Is The Ultimate Punishment1704 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhat would you want from the government if he had killed someone you know? He should receive the capital punishment. The capital punishment is the ultimate punishment given to the precarious crimes. It is the last stage of capital punishment. There are different methods of like hanging, electric chair, lethal injection, firing squad, gas chamber. Murderers and rapist should be given extreme punishment, and they have to pay for their wrongdoing. We can observe crime rates are accelerating day-by-dayRead MoreCapital Punishment And Juvenile Punishment1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Capital punishment is the term used when an individual is put to death by the state or government for the commission of a crime. Until recently, juveniles were not exempt from this punishment, however they would generally need to commit a more serious offense compared to their adult counterpart. Then there was the decision ruling the execution of mentally handicapped individuals was unconstitutional, using the 8th amendment as their authority, while taking into account the diminished capacity of
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Usage of Corporate Governance to prevent fraud in UAE. Answer: Introduction The increase in the rate of fraud cases in the United Arab Emirates has been one of the reasons for the Emirati has to get concerned about. This growth in the terminologies regarding the fraud cases has been the reason of the United Arab Emirates major corporate organizations to come into action for rescuing the Emiratis. Importance of the topic The topic gains its importance because of the fact that this topic focuses on the methodologies and the steps the corporate organizations of the United Arab Emirates are taking to fight against the corruption that has been occurring in the United Arab Emirates. Justification of the topic The topic is justified, as this report will give an overview scenario of the Emiratis that are suffering from the fraud cases that are happening in the United Arab Emirates. The major concern of the project is the lack of transparency in the corporate sector of United Arab Emirates that has been acting as the cause of the frauds that has been happening in United Arab Emirates. Literature Review Corporate Governance Code According to Farhan, Obaid and Azlan, 2017, In recent years the corporate sector of Dubai has arrested the senior corporate executive for being accused of staying connected with the illegal functioning and the staying indulged in the business of the illegal financial transaction. Major cases were found to be the cases of financial land real estate organizations where the transparency of the job is at stake, which leads to the fact of facing false transaction that effect the employees and the business organization itself. Due to the fact of the introduction of the Corporate Governance, code there has been a visible reduction in the fraud cases that has been occurring in the United Arab Emirates. Again according to Halbouni, Obeid and Garbou, 2016, Small and Medium sized Enterprise has been the most benefitted scope of the field as the Small and Medium sized Enterprises do not have the facilities to have a check on the business executives with the help of the technologies. Hence after the inclusion of the Corporate Governance Code the rate of frauds have decreased to a great extent causing the growth in the revenue collection of the Small and Medium sized Enterprises. The Corporate Governance code is applicable only for the organizations that are registered in the government execution processes. On having the business registered to the corporate governance code the organization can stay protected from the frauds that has been happening in the United Arab Emirates. Detecting fraud According to El Bodan, Aga and Alrub, 2017, the techniques that help in the process of detecting frauds in the corporate sectors of the United Arab Emirates that encompasses the technological systems that utilizes the manual and automated technologies to detect the main hindrances that occurs in the processing off the detection of the tracking of the fraud cases that take places in the processing of the business. On applying constrains of the system of the automated systems a drastic reduction in the fraud cases has been detected. This detection of the fraud cases in a more efficient order as this technology reduces the verbal ability of the human errors. Due to the fact of reducing the human error in the corporate sector, the chances of reducing the fraud cases decrease with the initiation of the project. Again according to Visser and Tolhurst 2017, Enterprise Resource Planning applications that uses the platform o SAP and Oracle is widely used by the manufacturing companies of the United Arab Emirates. This application acts as the major reason of protection from the fraud cases that has been happening in the United Arab emirates. The companies do not follow the methodologies of the security processes, they instead have installed the automated version of the Enterprise Resource Planning application that has been used as a platform for serving the organization from the processing of the fraud detection with the least error execution rate. Development of Corporate governance in the public sector According to Bodolica, Spraggon and Zaid 2015, the governance committee of the Abu Dhabi was established through the Resolution no 17 of the year 2010. This committee takes into consideration the formation of the formation of the laws that are needed to be constructed in order to deal with the frauds that has been taking place in the corporate sector. The United Arab Emirates government has recruited external bodies who are experts in the field of fraud detection. This services are the main reasons for the installation of the framework of the organizational and the individual development of the United Arab Emirates public sector. Responsibilities of the board Abdullah, Percy and Stewart 2015, in their journal stated that the boards that deal with the fraud detection technology are having an important role to play for the success of the business organizations in the United Arab Emirates. The committee boards are responsible for the detection of the frauds that has been taking place in the corporate sectors of the United Arab Emirates. This committee acts strategically in order to reduce the fraud cases that has been happening in the sectors that affects transparency of the business environment. Again according to Garas, Tessema and Tee, 2017, the board of committee members must be well acknowledged with the details and the knowledge of the organizations that are registered under them. This knowledge regarding the companies under their infrastructure helps them to gain control over the fraud cases that occur. This details can also help in estimating the potential fraud case that can occur due to the weak infrastructural module of the indust ry. Having the details of the company it helps the committee can warn the organization of the problems that can occur due to the imposters that are trying to pierce the wall of defense of the organization and harm the organization. Statement of problem The statement of the task is The Usage of the Corporate Governance to prevent fraud cases in United Arab Emirates. Hypothesis question Hypothesis 1 H0: Corporate Governance is not helpful for reducing the fraud cases that has been occurring in the United Arab Emirates. H1: Corporate Governance is helpful for reducing the fraud cases that has been occurring in the United Arab Emirates. Methodology The methodology that has been used for the research of the project is Qualitative in nature. Qualitative research methodology is a broad means of research process that intends to complete the research of project using the means that are available through the literature manifested in the respective topic of research title (Mansor, 2017). The qualitative research is done by going through the sources of information that has been already generated by other personnel on whom one individual can rely on referencing for the entire process (Nobanee and Ellili, 2017). Manual survey regarding the processing of the project is not taken into consideration for the qualitative way of research methodology (Shehata, 2016). Cost Analysis Items Cost Designing of the project $32 Mapping of the project $14 Execution of the project $45 The total cost that is needed to be spent for the prosecution of the project is $91. Conclusion From the above discussion it can be concluded that Corporative Governance is capable of decreasing the fraud that has been going on in the corporative sectors of the United Arab Emirates. The Corporative governance has been acting as a body of defense for the corporative organizations. Corporative Governance has been proven to b e beneficial for the organizations as it protects the organizations from any massive fraud as well as the potential frauds that may take place. The entire responsibility of the companies that are registered under the committee are undertaken by the committee itself which leads to the betterment of the organization and saves the company from getting financially damaged. References Abdullah, W.A.W., Percy, M. and Stewart, J., 2015. Journal of Contemporary Accounting Economics. Bodolica, V., Spraggon, M. and Zaidi, S., 2015. Boundary management strategies for governing family firms: A UAE-based case study.Journal of Business Research,68(3), pp.684-693. El Bodan, M., Aga, M. and Alrub, A.A., 2017. Impact of Corporate Governance and External Audit on Earning Management. Evidence from the Financial Sector of United Arabs of Emirates (UAE).International Journal of Finance and Accounting,6(6), pp.172-178. Farhan, A., Obaid, S.N. and Azlan, H., 2017. Corporate governance effect on firms performanceevidence from the UAE.Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences,33(1), pp.66-80. Garas, S., Tessema, A. and Tee, K., 2017. The impact of Islamic Financial Services Board Standard No. 3 on corporate governance of listed firms in Kuwait.International Journal of Disclosure and Governance,14(3), pp.251-263. Halbouni, S.S., Obeid, N. and Garbou, A., 2016. Corporate governance and information technology in fraud prevention and detection: Evidence from the UAE.Managerial Auditing Journal,31(6/7), pp.589-628. Mansor, N.H.B., 2017. Borneo Oil Berhad Market Structure: The Corporate Governance and its Impact on Firm Risk and Performance. Nobanee, H. and Ellili, N., 2017. Does Operational Risk Disclosure Quality Increase Operating Cash Flow of UAE Islamic and Conventional Banks?. Shehata, N.F., 2016. Assessment of corporate governance disclosure in the GCC countries using the UNCTAD ISAR benchmark.The Journal of Developing Areas,50(2), pp.453-460. Visser, W. and Tolhurst, N., 2017.The world guide to CSR: A country-by-country analysis of corporate sustainability and responsibility. Routledge.